educational institutions-formal informal adult education
Institutions dealing with students, teachers, curriculum, socialization of individuals and fulfilling the needs of society area called educational Institutions.educational institutions are a pat of life to develop our self and society and we must discuss here what isÂ educational institutions-formal informal adult education.might See Top 5 Best University in the world
Types of Education:
There are two types of education-
- Formal Education:
The education which is given in schools, colleges and universities is called formal education.
- Informal Education:
Informal education is obtained from house, mohala, mosque and from playgrounds without fixed rules and regulations . It is informal due to methodology.
Examples are :
1) Adult Education
2) Extension education
3) Short courses
Functions of Educational Institutions:
The educational institutions socialize the members of society through formal way, No doubt it is a major function of family but educationalÂ institutions perform this obligation through formal way.
- Rational thinking:
The ducational institution provide us the ability to think in a ratinal and logical way.
- Social solidarity:
Education create homogeneity in the thougts, habits and feeling of people. This is homegenity gives birth to social solidarity in the society.
- Adjustment with Environment:
Education teaches a person the methods, How to live in his environment. So he will able to live a happy life.
- Future occupation:
Education helps us to adopt different occupations in future for different occupations . There are different types of educations. E.g for Doctors MBBS.
- Household life:
Education teaches us of living good household life. It teaches all the members how to perform their roles.
Education create the feelings of patriotism among the people.
- Character Building:
Education make difference in good and bad character. It teaches us how to avoid evil deeds.
- Development of leadership:
Education develop the abilities of leadership in the people. The nations that have the wealth of education are leading the world.
- Freedom of right:
The education create awareness about the freedom of right. An educated person can get right due to awareness.
- Transmission of Culture:
Education transmits our values, traditions, beliefs, feelings from one generation to another.
- Social Change:
educational institutions provide social change through experiments and providing innovations.
Education institutions create homogeneity in the society by teaching same norms, values to the members of society.
Objective of Education:
According to Socrates there are five objectives of education . He has described these objectives in 5000 BC.
- Thinking ability:
The basic objective of education is to create the ability of thinking.
- The search of Truth:
Education is the name of search for truth. Acquiring skill is not included in it.
- The search of reasons:
Education is a universal truth which is based reasons. Thought and practical is not include in it.
- Reorganization of experiment:
Education is the name of re-organization of experiments.
Problems of educational institutions:
- Lack of primary schools:
In rural areas primary schools are very rare. Although government is making schools but they are not enough.
- Lack of buildings:
In rural areas schools are consists of two or three rooms. These rooms are not enough for five classes.
- Lack of attention by teachers:
the teachers does not pay much attention to students because schools are in villages and rural people donâ€™t aware about the importance of education.
- Lack of check and balance:
in rural areas a major problem is lack of check and balance on teacher by officers. Officer visits schools very often.
- Lack of teachers:
in rural areas teachers are not available in schools. Only two or three teachers are available in a primary school.
- Lack of facilities:
in rural areas in schools facilities like desk, bench, boards are very rare.
- Lack of attention to lectures:
students donâ€™t pay much attention to lectures and attend classes.
- Un employment create meaninglessness:
When educated people donâ€™t get jobs. It creates meaninglessness in students.
- Interest in politics:
Many political problems become hurdle in education. Politics among teachers and students or elders.
- Environment out the colleges:
b-Attitude of leaders
c-low educated teachers
d-lack of funds
to educate rural and social society must focus on educational institutions-formal informal adult education.