what is definition of formal informal adult educational Institutions

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educational institutions-formal informal adult education

Educational Institution:

Institutions dealing with students, teachers, curriculum, socialization of individuals and fulfilling the needs of society area called educational Institutions.educational institutions are a pat of life to develop our self and society and we must discuss here what is educational institutions-formal informal adult education.might See Top 5 Best University in the world

Types of Education:

There are two types of education-

  1. Formal Education:
    The education which is given in schools, colleges and universities is called formal education.
  2. Informal Education:
    Informal education is obtained from house, mohala, mosque and from playgrounds without fixed rules and regulations . It is informal due to methodology.

Examples are :
1) Adult Education
2) Extension education
3) Short courses




 

 

 

 

 

Functions of Educational Institutions:

  1. Socialization:
    The educational institutions socialize the members of society through formal way, No doubt it is a major function of family but educational  institutions perform this obligation through formal way.
  2. Rational thinking:
    The ducational institution provide us the ability to think in a ratinal and logical way.
  • Social solidarity:
    Education create homogeneity in the thougts, habits and feeling of people. This is homegenity gives birth to social solidarity in the society.
  1. Adjustment with Environment:
    Education teaches a person the methods, How to live in his environment. So he will able to live a happy life.
  2. Future occupation:
    Education helps us to adopt different occupations in future for different occupations . There are different types of educations. E.g for Doctors MBBS.
  3. Household life:
    Education teaches us of living good household life. It teaches all the members how to perform their roles.
  • Patriotism:
    Education create the feelings of patriotism among the people.
  • Character Building:
    Education make difference in good and bad character. It teaches us how to avoid evil deeds.
  1. Development of leadership:
    Education develop the abilities of leadership in the people. The nations that have the wealth of education are leading the world.
  2. Freedom of right:
    The education create awareness about the freedom of right. An educated person can get right due to awareness.
  3. Transmission of Culture:
    Education transmits our values, traditions, beliefs, feelings from one generation to another.
  • Social Change:
    educational institutions provide social change through experiments and providing innovations.
  • Homogeneity:
    Education institutions create homogeneity in the society by teaching same norms, values to the members of society.

Objective of Education:
According to Socrates there are five objectives of education . He has described these objectives in 5000 BC.

  1. Thinking ability:
    The basic objective of education is to create the ability of thinking.
  2. The search of Truth:
    Education is the name of search for truth. Acquiring skill is not included in it.
  3. The search of reasons:
    Education is a universal truth which is based reasons. Thought and practical is not include in it.
  4. Reorganization of experiment:
    Education is the name of re-organization of experiments.





Problems of educational institutions:

  1. Lack of primary schools:
    In rural areas primary schools are very rare. Although government is making schools but they are not enough.
  2. Lack of buildings:
    In rural areas schools are consists of two or three rooms. These rooms are not enough for five classes.
  3. Lack of attention by teachers:
    the teachers does not pay much attention to students because schools are in villages and rural people don’t aware about the importance of education.
  4. Lack of check and balance:
    in rural areas a major problem is lack of check and balance on teacher by officers. Officer visits schools very often.
  5. Lack of teachers:
    in rural areas teachers are not available in schools. Only two or three teachers are available in a primary school.
  6. Lack of facilities:
    in rural areas in schools facilities like desk, bench, boards are very rare.
  7. Lack of attention to lectures:
    students don’t pay much attention to lectures and attend classes.
  8. Un employment create meaninglessness:
    When educated people don’t get jobs. It creates meaninglessness in students.
  9. Interest in politics:
    Many political problems become hurdle in education. Politics among teachers and students or elders.
  10. Environment out the colleges:
    a-Unemployment
    b-Attitude of leaders
    c-low educated teachers
    d-lack of funds
    e-punctuality

to educate rural and social society must focus on educational institutions-formal informal adult education.

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