What are Rural Social development Institutions to stop poverty
today lesson we will coverÂ following topics in Detail:
1). What is Rural?
2). What is Rural Development?
3). Rural Social Institutions?
4). 5 Basic Institutions of society or types of Social institutions
5). Characteristics of Rural Areas
7). Elements of Family Structure
8). Functions of Family
There is no universal definition of rural development but many conceptual definitions are defined. the best definition of rural development is defined as:
What is Rural development?
“Rural development is the process of improving quality of life and standard of living of the rural peoples “. how we live in populated areas or in our society? Â we must change our self by changing the trend of society with time. Now a days a big problem considered is ‘Money’, ‘House for living’, and ‘how to survive in this world of competition’.We can improve the living style of rural areas by improving education, health facilities, and by providing them opportunities for work. In early days rural life is simple, peaceful, and full of love among peoples. Such an example a business man tries to develop his business more cloudy. a former tries to grow more production. and educated families tries to educate their children in a best Schools.
So, in our today topic we discussed rural development in “what are rural social development institutions to stop poverty in society”.to grow rural development we must focus on our rural social institutions to survive in society.
Definition of social institutions:
Social institutions are organized pattern of belief and behaviors centered on basic social needs
Institutions are systems of social relationship for meeting various felt human needs.
There are five (5) basic institutions of society.
Characteristics of rural areas:
- The areas where the density of population is less than 5000.
- The areas where the main occupation is agriculture.
- People are directly linked with natural resources to earn livelihood.
- The areas where modern facilities are less/ scare. E.g. hospitals, transport, markets, schools, colleges, agriculture, offices.
- The areas where there is strong interest among people.
- Where there is strong emphasized on cast system
- Where cultural values and religion has great importance in the lives of people.
- The areas where most of people live in the form of joint family system.
- The areas where a serious consideration is given to ascribed status.
- The areas where education is less.
- Where people use old methods of recreation like push ti.
What is Rural?
The areas where the density of population is less than 5000 and the main occupation of people is agriculture.
A family may be defined as a set of people who are related by blood, marriage, adoption and who share the primary responsibilities of reproduction and care of members of society.
By size and structure.
Husband and wife with their unmarried children is called nuclear family.
A married couple and their un-married children living together is called nuclear family.
We can call this type of family as simple family. Nuclear family is very popular in urban areas.
Husband and wife with all their children married or unmarried is called joint family.
After marriage two or more siblings (brothers and sisters) may live together with their parents, constitutes and extend family:
It is composed of the parents, their sons and the sons, wives and children.
In which step children live together. In which both families live together.
Size of family:
The number of people living in a family is called size of family.
Structure of family:
The structure of family is the way in which a family is organized into predictable relationship.
Element of family structure:
- Husband and wife.
- Father and son.
- Father and daughter.
- Mother and son.
- Mother and daughter.
- Brother and brother.
- Sister and sister.
- Brother and sister.
Only one child after marriage continues to live with his parents. His siblings must leave the family after they marry.
In this marriage partners belong to the same group. Both of them having same religion, same cast, same Biradri, same family linage.
The partner is chosen from outside. It means members of the same linage may not marry.
In this type of marriage a women has more than one husbands at a time. This often happens in Tibet and south India
A husband has more than one wives at a time.
In this type of marriage one male and one female are husband and wife.
The husband and wife live with the parents of the husband.
- Matrilocal :
The husband and wife live with the parents of wife.
The husband and wife live separately in an independent house.
In which father is dominant in all its affairs.
In this type of family mother is dominant.
Function of family:
- Regulation of sex:
Family is the only institution in which the sexual desire are satisfied regularly. Through marriage husband and wife become a life partners which is a social contact. They are freely allowed sexual intercourse without fear/shame.
The institution of family is responsible for reproduction. Through sexual intercourse wife and husband give birth to children in this way that the process of reproduction remains continues.
after reproduction the next important function is socialization of children . So they become good members of society. It is a continuous process that continues thought the life in different institutions. But the role of family in socialization is most important.
- Needs satisfaction:
Family fulfill all the needs of its memberâ€™s social, economic, educational, medical and so on.
Another important function of family is the provision of affection. The affection of parents help the children to build self confidence.
- Safeguard of interest:
Family provide safeguard to the interests of its members, religious interests, political interests, marital interests.
The family provide protection to its members when they required, in bad health, un-employment, childhood, old age.
when a child is borne. He is totally dependent on family. Family provide him food, shelter, clothes, family spend a lot of money for education and to teach various skills to make child able to earn livelihood.
Family provides formal and informal education to its members so they become useful members of society. Informal education is provided at home while formal education through formal educational institutions. Family spent money to send their children in these institutions.
Family provide recreational facilities to its members at home and also from outside the home. E.g. The children play together at home, listen fairy tales from parents, listen songs and watch T.V at home. Outside the family they play games, enjoy matches, and visit holy and historical places. Visit zoo and museum and fairs.
- Transmission of religious and cultural values:
The family transmits its culture and religious values to its members through socialization e.g we taught our children â€œ kalimah â€œ. Similarly, respect of parents, teachers and elders.
The family provides the relation of kinship. Kinship is a network of relations.
- Ascribed status:
A person get ascribed status due to family , cast, creed.
- Social intimacy:
There is a strong social intimacy and mutual understanding among family members.
- Realization of self:
Self-come into existence through social interaction and the first and foremost interaction of person is with family. So the major responsibility to create self in individuals is in the hands of family.
- Transmission of culture:
The family transmits its culture in its members through socialization.
3- Social change
education is the basic part to develop,or to grow itself, society and the world. Must read My Previous article on Educational institutions : formal, informal, Adult education